2 Keys to Hospital Patient Room Design

Designing the Modern Hospital Patient Room

As you make bed additions and renovations, it is an opportunity to think critically as to whether you really need that additional square footage.

The past decade has witnessed so many social, technological and economic alterations, renovations and revolutions that a new norm has emerged in healthcare.


What became apparent was the need for collaboration, consistency and superior systems of internal and external communications for a number of issues, from basic infection control to valuable physician and nursing resources.


Research is an academic process confirming and refining existing knowledge. It generates new knowledge and affects practice in all areas, and none may be more important than the patient floor


For bed additions and renovations, there is an opportunity to think critically as to whether you need that additional square footage.  What does it gain for you in terms of operational improvements or revenue increase? Does a renovation provide an opportunity to adapt to modern practices?

Hospital Room Design

Pro’s and Con’s of 4 Hospital Patient Room Layouts

A. Midboard Patient Room


  • Back to back toilets
  • Rectangular Rooms
  • Maximum patient visibility
  • Maximum exterior views
  • More family space



  • Toilet room travel distance
  • ADA accessibility
patient room design architecture layout

Midboard Patient Floor Plate: 885 s.f.

B. Inboard Patient Room


  • Staff/Housekeeping Access
  • Designated staff space
  • Maximum exterior views
  • Better defined family space



  • Reduced patient visibility
  • Patient access to toilet in main circulation path
hospital room design architecture

Inboard Patient Floor Plate: 831 s.f.

C. Outboard Patient Room


  • Patient visibility
  • Patient closer to staff
  • Opportunity for designated staff space



  • Reduced exterior views
  • Smaller family space
  • Housekeeping access to toilet
hospital patient design architect

Outboard Patient Floor Plate: 834 s.f.

D. Same-Hand Patient Room


  • Repetition equals reduction in medical errors
  • Patient access to toilet
  • Reduced sound transmission, no head to head arrangement
  • Potential for designated staff area
  • Ability to slant bed orientation



  • Increase in plumbing, electrical and medical gas cost.
hospital patient room design architect

Same-Hand Patient Floor Plate: 846 s.f.

2 Keys to Hospital Room Design

1.  Design for Improved Operations

2.  Increase Hospital Revenue

Communication through Design

One thing that successful teams have in common is the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively and openly. Health care is no different. We understand that every doctor has different operational needs, and we have resources to estimate construction cost vs return on investment for 187 different unit cost categories.

CMArchitects PLLC specializes in healthcare related design and we understand that construction cost and operational capacity both affect comfort of care. We have over 30 years of experience effectively working with the management leaders for successful projects.


Author: Tom Carnell


Resources: CDC, IHI and Vendrome Healthcare

Check out Our Healthcare Work

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